# Is joint velocity limited?

I am trying to control drone model from scratch, although the joint speed is limited to 100 rad/s. I tried ros_control, creating custom plugin, mechanicalReduction, changing/deleting limits in URDF... but I cannot get higher speed than 100 rad/s.

Also is it possible to fly with drones without any plugin related to aerodynamics laws?

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The problem is on Gazebo's side when you are using Gazebo's ODE default physics engine. Here is a quick fix that works for me.

In the sdf file describing your Gazebo simulation environment, you need to set the "physics-->ode-->constraints-->contact_max_correcting_vel" parameter to correspond to the maximum angular speed (rad/s) of any joint you wish to simulate. For instance, for a maximum angular speed of 10000.0 rad/s, a simple working example of an sdf file would be

<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<sdf version="1.5">
<world name="default">
<physics name='default_physics' default='0' type='ode'>
<max_step_size>0.001</max_step_size>
<real_time_factor>1</real_time_factor>
<real_time_update_rate>1000</real_time_update_rate>
<ode>
<constraints>
<contact_max_correcting_vel>10000.0</contact_max_correcting_vel>
</constraints>
</ode>
</physics>
<!-- A global light source -->
<include>
<uri>model://sun</uri>
</include>
<!-- A ground plane -->
<include>
<uri>model://ground_plane</uri>
</include>
</world>
</sdf>


This is a weird workaround, because according to the SDFormat specifications , the "contact_max_correcting_vel" parameter corresponds to the maximum correcting velocities allowed when resolving contacts (and has a default value of 100). This has arguably nothing to do with the maximum angular speed of the joints in a model.

Then in Gazebo's documentation, it is pointed out that

contact_max_correcting_vel This is the same parameter as the max_vel under collision->surface->contact. contact_max_correcting_vel sets max_vel globally.

Again, setting contact_max_correcting_vel should have nothing to do with the maximum angular speed of joints in the model, but I suspect that the global value set for max_vel is also used by ODE's physics engine as the default maximum angular speed for new bodies. For more details, check out the "dWorldSetMaxAngularSpeed" function in ODE's manual.

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